Rajasthan is one of the most spectacularly grand places in the world that never fails to impress the spectators. The architecture of Rajasthan plays a crucial role in making the state what it is today. If it wasn’t for the ancient kingdoms and rulers, the place wouldn’t have gotten this much of old age beauty that stands as a proof of India’s rich culture.
Talking about the architecture of Rajasthan, it is adorned with a wide range of monuments from mystic Havelis to majestic forts and from grand palaces to intricately carved temples. A major credit for these architectural marvels goes to the Rajput school of architecture. The Rajput builders have designed some major monuments in cities like Jaisalmer, Jaipur, Udaipur, and Jodhpur.
As a matter of fact, Rajasthan was a major regional capital of Indus Valley Civilization. Apart from the Rajputs, many communities like the Bhils, Jats, Gujjars, and Yadavs contributed over the years to construct Rajasthan.
The palaces of Rajasthan are decorated by Jain and Muslim architecture. There are various structures that reflect the blend of Rajput and Mughal styles whereas the latest ones carry the touch of European interiors.
There are certain important artifacts in Rajasthan that are commonly found across the state. These are:
The Marwaris built several mansions in the Marwar and Shekhawati regions between the year 1830 and 1930. They usually had two courtyards, whereby the outer one was meant for the men while the inner one was for the women.
Chhatris are dome-shaped structures with elevated pavilions that are considered as a symbol of peace and pride. There are various chhatris in Rajasthan at places like Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, etc. These serve as memoirs for the distinguished and honorary personalities who sacrificed their lives for their land. For example, Moosi Rani ki Chhatri at Alwar.
Jharokha is an overhanging enfolded balcony that is commonly seen in temples, palaces, and havelis of Rajasthan. It’s basically a stone window projected out of a wall plane which was used by women to enjoy the events happening outside as it was the time when the purdah system was prevalent in the kingdoms.
Stepwells, also known as Baoris, were constructed to supply underground water to the villagers. These are commonly found in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Bundi has 6 stepwells with a batch of steps that used to be filled with water. Some of these stepwells in Rajasthan were also used as leisure spots.