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Jaisalmer Fort - An Architectural Enigma

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the most glorious and beautiful forts in India. Also known as the Sonar Quila or the Golden Fort, the monument is among the UNESCO World Heritage Site under the cluster of Hill Forts of Rajasthan.

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Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jain Temple Roof

Jaisalmer Fort

Carvings at Jain Temple

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

If one wants to see the replica of the fort, which was shown in the television cartoon "Arabian nights", then Jaisalmer fort is the place to be. Counted amongst the largest forts in the world, Jaisalmer fort is the most popular landmark of Jaisalmer city. Unlike other forts in Rajasthan, Jaisalmer fort houses museum, shops, restaurants, residential accommodations, hotels, etc.

It was built in the year 1156 by a Rajput ruler known as Rawal jaisal. The fort is built on the Trikuta hill which is 80 meters high and surrounded by a wall of 30 feet.


Jaisalmer Fort is a World Heritage Site declared UNESCO under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan situated in the city of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India. Fort was built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD, from whom it derives its name. (Rawal Jaisal’s son was Shalivahan II; Manj and Bhati Rajputs are descended from him.) Jaisalmer fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill, and has been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.


Jaisalmer fort is 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide and is built on a hill that rises above a height of 250 ft (76 m) above the surrounding countryside. The basement of the fort has a 15 ft (4.6 m) tall wall forming a double line of defense. The bastions of the fort form a chain about 30 ft (9.1 m). The fort has four entrances to the downside, one of which used to be guarded by cannon.


The Jaisalmer Fort is based on Rajasthani architectural patterns and designs. The entire structure consists of five storeys and three walls. Stone blocks were used to build the outer layer of the walls. There are basically four entrances to the Fort which are quite popularly known as the Hawa Pole, Aksya Pole, Suraj Pole and the Ganesha Pole.

Inside the fort complex tourists can find several architectural buildings which include palaces, houses and temples made up of soft yellow sandstone which looks as the Fort is made up of Gold and its beauty rises with the sunset when it gleam like melting gold. Jaisalmer fort has narrow winding pathways which interlock several parts of the fort. The complex of Jaisalmer fort is so expansive that almost one-quarter of the town’s population located in this fort itself.

The most famous splendid structures such as the Maharawals located in front of the Chauhata Square. The foremost attraction of this place is Maharawal’s marble throne which is placed over a flight of marble steps. An added famous tourist attraction of this place is a five-storied Tazia tower located head-to-head to the Maharawals palace. This tower was constructed by Muslim craftsmen and is made with decorative Bengali styled roofs.

The one more beauty section in the palace is the Jawahar Palace is among the other tourist attractions of Jaisalmer fort which was the residence of a royal family. This place is famous for its beautiful construction and ornate design which captivate tourist’s attention during their visit to this palace.


The Fort includes a number of attractive tourists’ destinations such as the Raj Mahal (former residence of the Maharawal of Jaisalmer), the Laxminath temple (dedicated to the worship of the gods Lakshmi and Vishnu) and several exquisite and grand palaces.

Several Jain temples can also be found inside the Fort which is dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras. Most prominent of them is the huge temple dedicated to Jain Tirthankara Sambhavanatha. The temple has more than 600 idols with many old scriptures.

One of the most attractive tourists’ spots in Jaisalmer Fort includes the five exquisite and elegant palaces which include the Akhai Vilas, the Rang Mahal, Sarvottam Vilas, Gaj Mahal and the Moti Mahal. The Rang Mahal is the most attractive and exquisite palace among the five palaces in the Fort.

The palace is popular for its consummate architectural designs and patterns, mural paintings, artistic interior designs and colorful glass paintings. Intricate carvings and designs adorn the ceilings and walls of the palace.


The view of the sunset from this fort is a treat to the eyes for all the travellers, and especially photographers.

The fort looks golden in the early morning when the first rays of the sun reach the ground. The Jaisalmer fort seems like a palace in the fairy tales and dominates the tinted small town of Jaisalmer.

Standing proudly in the middle of the unending golden sands of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer. Unlike other forts in the country, Jaisalmer Fort is a massive fort with a museum, shops, hotels, houses and eateries housed within. Due to its massive presence in the midst of the Thar Desert, the fort is rightly known as the Jewel of Rajasthan.



UNESCO World Heritage Site (Hill Forts of Rajasthan)

FREE ENTRY to the Fort

Entry Fee to Palace Museum:

Per Person is Rs. 30

Camera Fee is Rs. 50

Video Camera Fee is Rs. 100


09:00 AM - 06:00 PM

Open on all days


Fort road, Manak Chowk, Amar Sagar Pol,

Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, 345001, India


See Also


rajasthan tourist diaries


rajasthan tourist diaries
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