Baoris (Baolis) or stepwells were an important construction done during medieval times in Bundi and Raniji ki Baori is one of the most important and probably the largest one of all the other constructed here.
This famous stepwell was constructed way back in the year 1699 and was commissioned by Rani Nathavati Ji, one of the queens of the then ruler of Bundi, Rao Raja Anirudh Singh.
As the history behind this baori goes, Rani Nathavati Ji was the younger wife of ruler Rao Raja Anirudh Singh. She gave birth to a son, Maharao Raja Budh Singh. But the previous wife of the king who was unable to give birth to a baby became envious of the younger queen. Thus, Rani Nathavati Ji gave her son to the previous queen of the raja and devoted herself for the well being of the common man. She undertook the project of building a step well during the reign of his son Maharao Raja Budh Singh who ruled Bundi from 1695 AD to 1729 AD, thus it is known as Raniji ki Baori, stepwell by a Queen.
This baori is a well with steps and is 46 meters deep. It has a towering narrow entrance and its pillars are adorned with delicate carvings. A multi-floored arrangement with nice sculptures and terraces, it also has places for worshiping on every storey. The narrow entryway of the stepwell stands on 4 pillars and has a stone elephant statue on each of its corner. The archways of Raniji ki Baori are adorned with ogee brackets.
During the medieval era, this baori was very popular meeting place for the local people for social and religious reasons.