Nawalgarh was a tributary Thikana, founded by Thakur Nawal Singhji Bahadur, younger son of Thakur Sardul Singh of Jhunjhunu. He laid the foundation of a fort (Bala Kila) in 1737 at the village site of Rohili on the banks of a pond. Nawalgarh was encircled by high walls (Parkota) comprising of four gates (Pols), facing different directions, namely, Agoona Darwaja, Bawadi Darwaja, Mandi Darwaja and Nansa Darwaja, each having an iron door.
Bala Kila Fort was situated in the centre of the Thikana and Fatehgarh Fort was outside of the parkota, serving as an outpost. Nawalgarh was noted for its Rasala of well bred horses, and was also a Hathibandh Thikana - where elephants were kept, with the Nawalgarh Royals having their own. Traditionally a coronation of a new ruler or the birth of a son to the Thakur Sahib or the marriage of a daughter was announced with a cannon salute. Each ruler minted his own stamps.
Thakur Nawal Singh encouraged the settlement of traders from Jaipur within his new estate, and to set up shops for the trading families who settled here. Land and houses were allotted free of cost for residential and business purposes by the Thakur Sahib. Today, Nawalgarh is considered to be one of the most attractive of Shekhawat Thikanas. It is a town of Jhunjhunu district and is part of Panchpana. The town of Nawalgarh is situated in the heart of Shekhawati, midway on the Jhujhunu – Sikar Road. There is a heritage hotel run in the Roop Niwas Kothi. Nawalgarh is famous for various colleges and schools built in 20th century by the Marwari Community. Seth GB Poddar College is a famous destination for students.
Places to Visit in Nawalgarh:
1 - There are two forts in Nawalgarh, Bala Kila Fort and Fatehgarh Fort. These forts are built such that the first is within the town limits and the latter is on outskirts of the town. Bala Kila Fort has four gates and a strong boundary, which was a part of war strategies in prevailing times in the past.
2 - Then there is Roop Niwas Kothi built by Thakur Roop Singhji Bahadur which is now a heritage hotel.
3 - Sheesh Mahal, Murarka Haveli, Bansidhar Bhagat Haveli, Chokhani Haveli, Morarka Haveli, Anandilal Poddar Haveli, Ramdev Ji Temple, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Ganesh Temple, Gopinathji Temple, Kalyanjii Temple, Surya Temple, Narsimha Temple, Shiva Temple are other places of interest.