Alwar District in Rajasthan is encircled by Jaipur district on the west, by Dausa on the south, by Bharatpur and Mewat district of Haryana on the east, and by Rewari district of Haryana on the north. According to the census of 2011, Alwar is the third in the most populated districts of the Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur. The Alwar city is known as the Tiger Gate of Rajasthan. The appearance of the area is of magically carved from rocks as it is surrounded by the Aravallis. The hills are covered by blooming forest and lakes, which serve as a habitat for numerous species of birds and animals. Alwar is considered as one of the oldest and newest kingdom of the Rajputs. Oldest, because its history date far back to the time of Mahabharata, when the Pandavas spent the last year of the 13 year exile in Matasya Desh, the name by which the Alwar city was known that time.