In a barbaric tribal massacre that was executed on November 17, 1913, nearly a century ago, 500 odd tribal martyrs were killed by British Rulers, in Santrampur taluka of tribal dominated Panchmahals district.
To rely on the oral history of the Bhils, the English army had foiled 1,500 supporters of the tribal leader and reformist Govind Guru with gunfire on Maangad tekri. Govind was a resident of Vedasa village near Dungarpur in Rajasthan, from the Banjara community. In the latter part of the 19th century, he had organized a 'Bhagat movement' for his empowerment among the Bhils, under which the Bhils had to adopt vegetarianism and to stay away from all kinds of narcotics.
He awakened the Bhil community and filled them with a sense of patriotism. The Bhils were so inspired that they sacrificed their lives for freedom. Later, 1500 Gurubhakt Bhils sacrificed their lives while fighting against the British army. It is therefore also known as Jallianwala Bagh of Rajasthan.
Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Punjab took place on April 13, 1919. At the order of the British General Dyer, the police threw 379 people with bullets. Although nationalist historians believe that the number of people killed in it was more than 1,000.
Historical research also confirms this verbal history of the Bhils. A historian at Gujarat University, points out that Govind Guru had started his movement in the 1890s between the Bhils. The fire god was considered a symbol in the movement. The followers had to stand in front of the sacred fire and do havan (i.e. fumigation) along with the worship.
Govind Guru and Mangarh massacre have become part of the memory of Bhils. Despite this, it was buried in remote areas of Banswara-Panchmahal, situated on the border of Rajasthan and Gujarat, and this historic tragedy could not have been more than a footnote in the history of India's freedom fight.