Jaipur is the heart of Rajasthan Tourism not only because it’s the capital city but because it is adorned with several elements that attract the attention of travelers. Be it the palaces and forts or the ancient structures of the walled city; everything is just spectacular. It’s not just the largest city in the state but also India’s first planned city.
Jaipur is a royal mystery that is fun to explore, one site at a time. Here are some of the interesting facts about Jaipur that make it special for the people of Rajasthan:
Jaipur is India’s first planned city that was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727. The city was designed as per the Vaastu such that its streets run in an east/west and north/south grid. Jai Singh II approached Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, an auditor of Amber who used Shilpa Shastra and Vastu Shastra to create the model of Jaipur.
While many of you may know that Jaipur is called the Pink City the reason is unknown to many. The city was painted in Terracotta Pink Color which depicts hospitality. It was to welcome Edward, Prince of Wales during the reign of Sawai Ram Singh. Interestingly, the city residents are mandated to maintain the color and they can’t change the color of their houses.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II wanted to establish a city that would be an architectural example for the world. The city was divided into 9 blocks out of which 7 were for the general public while 2 were reserved for royal family. Jaipur was fortified with thick walls and had 7 gates. Besides, the step wells were built to provide fresh drinking water to the population.
Jaipur Walled City was built in an area of 5 km square spread across 9 blocks. The main market of Tripolia Bazaar, Ramganj Bazaar, and Chandpole Bazaar stand from east to west while other markets like Johari Bazaar and Kishanpole cross them perpendicularly. Even today the walled city is a prominent portion where 55% of the commercial activities take place. It was recently proposed for the UNESCO heritage recognition.
Jaipur is an architectural marvel right from the walled city to the forts. The city is way ahead of its time in terms of the layout and design. Forts like Jaigarh and Amber still stand strong and are appreciated by the world. From the fusion between Mughal and Rajput architecture to British Monument Albert Hall, Jaipur is a beautiful masterpiece that never ceases to amuse the onlookers.