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Gaduliya Lohars

The nomadic blacksmith community of Rajasthan

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Gaduliya Lohars’ Bullock cart

Gaduliya Lohars’ Bullock cart

Gadia Lohar Women

Gadia Lohar Women

Gadia Lohars working

Gadia Lohars working

The Gadia Lohars or Gaduliya Lohars are the nomadic blacksmith community of Rajasthan. Legend has it that they were in the army of Maharana Pratap. After Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap, they migrated from Chittorgarh and travelled from one place to another in their attractive bullock carts (gadis). That's how they were named as Gadia Lohars which means blacksmith in a vehicle. The Gadia Lohars claim to be the descendants of Rajput and they were assigned as the weapon makers for the Rajput warriors.

Their culture, society and living style are reflected in their costumes. Although Gaida Lohar women are tribal but their appearance and dressing sense is elegant. The attire of Lohar women consists of 'kurti', 'ghaghra', 'kanchli' and 'odhna'. A kanchli is similar to that of Rajputs which is tied around the neck, at the back and around waist by cloth cords. The kurti is a sleeveless, tight fitting corset like attire which reaches litle below the waist line. The neckline of the kurti is usually quite deep which shows the tattoos on the central part of the chest. The cut of the kurti displayes the entire kanchli and portion of the midriff.

The ghaghra is made by gathering 60-80 kalis which are held together by a contrasting colored drawstring belt at the waist. The main fabric used to make the ghaghra is usually a blue block printed fabric. The odhna is used for draping and covering the head. The draping style is inspired by that of Rajput women. The odhna is usually either in floral designs or plain.

The ensemble of Lohar men consists of an 'angarkhi', 'dhoti' and turban. The angarkhi is a hip length, full sleeved kurta type apparel which is tied at the right ahand side of the body like any other angarkhi. It is made up of white, unbleached, coarse cotton. Turbans are usually tied in the circular style. Daily wear turbans are either red or yellow and white for elder man. The dhoti is usually wrapped in a tilangi dhoti style and it is made up of white cotton fabric.

The Gaduliya Lohar community carries the origin of their culture and tradition and expresses them in the circle of their community.

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