The Marwadi or Marwari are an ethnic group from Rajasthan region. Marwaris or Marwari people are found throughout the globe, although they are often subsumed under Rajasthani.
There are several beliefs regarding the evolution of the term 'Marwari'. Some believe that it refers to the former princely state of Marwar, which is now the Jodhpur region in southwest Rajasthan. Some consider that the term is derived from Sanskrit word Maruwat where maru means desert. Others believe that the term comprise of 'Mar' from the other name of Jaisalmer and 'War' from Mewar region. The term has been designated to most of the Rajasthani people but it was probably used by the traders only when they were outside their home region; that is, by the migration.
The Marwari name was initially given by Kolkata to the people of Rajasthan who migrated to Kolkata for doing business and trade. The 'Marwari' term was used for referring to a businessman from Marwar. Historically, the Marwaris broke the British monopoly in the Jute industry after World War I. After that, they entered other industrial sectors, such as cotton and sugar.
Today, the Marwaris are among the major business classes in India. Marwari with their business acumen have expanded their business and trade networks to many regions of India, and to neighboring and all other countries around the globe. The world's great businessmen like Kumar Mangalam Birla, Laxmi Niwas Mittal, Kishor Biyani, Vishnuhari Dalmia, Ajay Piramal, Rahul Bajaj, Sunil Mittal and many other Marwaris are dominating the Business world.
Their language is of the same name, Marwari which is also referred as Marrubhasha (desert language) by the locals. It is closely related to the Rajasthani language and is written in Devanagari script, as of Hindi and Sanskrit. The language is a part of the Western Zone of Indo-Aryan languages. The "Marwari" spoken by the previous generation of Marwari merchants, farmers and social workers was actually the dialect of Shekhawati/Dhundhar region. The language is found in various dialects varying with the speakers' area of origin, communities etc. A large number of populations in Rajasthan still communicate fluently in Marwari, yet the language is now on the verge of extinction.
The Marwari cuisine mostly consists of the vegetarian dishes with the diversity of different dishes. The world famous Dal-Baati-Churma is the most popular dish among the Marwari people. Now-a-days, a smaller percentage of the Marwaris started having meat as well. One common ingredient in the Marwari cuisine, irrespective of the dish or cooking technique, is ghee. Even the baatis are always served dipped in ghee, the spices for the dal are fried in ghee, and additional ghee is poured into the dal before serving.